Author: Paul Amico

Bred in 2002 by the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in the Alsace region of France, Aramis was intended to mimic the desirable aromatic qualities of its parent, Strisselspalt, while possessing a more stable bittering potential. Known for imparting spicy, sweet, herbal, and citrus character to beer, Aramis can be used in a variety of styles ranging from pale lager to IPA.

Alpha: 5.5 – 7.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 4.5%
Cohumulone: ​​20 – 22% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 1.2 – 1.6 mL/100g
Myrcene: 38 – 41%
Humulene: 19 – 21%
Caryophyllene: 7.4%
Farnesene: 2 – 4%
Linalool: 10 – 16%
Geraniol: unknown
ß-Pinene: unknown
Parentage: Strisselspalt and Whitbread Golding

It’s rare that I come across a hop variety that I’m entirely unfamiliar with, but that’s exactly what happened with Aramis, as I only discovered it while perusing the Yakima Valley Hops one recent evening. Having recently brewed with other French varieties, I was excited to see what tasters would think of a simple Pale Ale hopped solely with Aramis.


Author: Phil Rusher

Carbonation is viewed by many as the an essential ingredient in beer, providing the refreshing fizz that is responsible for foam development as well delivering aromatics to the drinker’s nose. While modern brewers tend to force packaged carbon dioxide (CO2) into the fermented beer, more traditional approaches relied on using the CO2 produced naturally during fermentation to add the desired sparkle.

Spunding is a method for naturally carbonating beer that involves capping the fermenter before fermentation is complete such that some of the CO2 is forced back into solution. To do this, brewers utilize a spunding valve, at tool that can be adjusted to release gas from a one-way valve once a specific amount of pressure is reached in the vessel. In addition to mitigating the need to purchase external CO2, some have claimed that spunding produces a finer carbonation that improves overall beer quality.

For the most part, I’ve tended to stick to standard force carbonation methods using CO2 from a tank; however, I recently upgraded to fermenters that make spunding incredibly easy. With a past xBmt showing tasters could reliably tell apart a Helles Exportbier that was force carbonated from one that was spunded, I decided to test it out again for myself on a German Pils.


Authors: Marshall Schott & Andrew Bromley

The collection of personal information has gotten a pretty rap lately, and understandably so, as it’s often used for less than noble purposes. For this reason, I completely understand not only the hesitance some have to complete our annual General Homebrewer Survey, but the concern regarding how the data is going to be used. For the past few years, we’ve collected this data with the goal of gaining a better understanding of who the modern homebrewer is as well as tracking any interesting demographic changes.

Why is this important?

For some, it’s not. It’s just that simple. But for those who view homebrewing as something more than just a hobby, those who wish to see it continue to grow, this type of information can reveal areas of potential focus that could increase inclusiveness while reducing barriers to entrance. At least, that’s our hope.

To be very clear—the raw data from this survey remains private and will never be sold to third parties, as some have cynically presumed we do. The only time it gets shared is in these articles. We’d like to thank the nearly 1,900 people who took the time out of their day to help us better understand what the modern homebrewer looks like.


Author: Mike Neville

Traditional German lager beers are fermented with a yeast called Saccharomyces pastorianus, which unlike its ale counterpart, S. cerevisiae, performs well at temperatures as low as 48°F/9°C. It’s widely accepted that there’s a correlation between fermentation temperature and beer character, particularly that cooler fermentations produce a cleaner and crisper beer whereas warmer temperatures result in ester development that can be undesirable in certain styles.

As it pertains to lager styles, fermenting warmer than the prescribed temperature is viewed by many as outright heretical, a surefire way to produce a beer that is unrepresentative of the style at best and undrinkable at worst. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that’s when the beer is fermented under a certain amount of pressure, which is purported to slow yeast growth and thus suppress the development of esters, fusel alcohols, and other undesirable characteristics.

Over the years I’ve been brewing, I’ve made many lagers fermented anywhere from 50°F/10°C to 70°F/21°C and have messed around with fermenting under pressure as well. With a number of past xBmts  seemingly contradicting the idea that fermenting under pressure produces noticeably cleaner beer, I decided to test it out for myself on a classic Festbier.

WinCraft Set of 2 South Carolina Gamecocks 12" x 30" Double-Side

Author: Marshall Schott

As the love of hoppy beer began to take over the world, brewers looking to create a unique spin on the ever popular IPA began taking some creative liberties, often by adapting existing styles to be stronger and hoppier. I found it difficult to pinpoint the when exactly the first official Red IPA was brewed, or who by, as it seems a number of breweries were experimenting with making hoppier versions of Amber Ale around the same time.

Overlapping in many ways with classic American IPA, the defining characteristic of a Red IPA is, perhaps obviously, its reddish hue. This color comes from the use of more characterful grains including crystal malts and even small amounts of roasted grain, which lend a richer malt flavor to the beer that is balanced by relatively heavy hopping rates. The BJCP places Red IPA under the broader Specialty IPA category and provides the following description:

Hoppy, bitter, and moderately strong like an American IPA, but with some caramel, toffee, and/or dark fruit malt character. Retaining the dryish finish and lean body that makes IPAs so drinkable, a Red IPA is a little more flavorful and malty than an American IPA without being sweet or heavy.

I can’t recall the first time I had a Red IPA, but I can say with confidence that I greatly enjoy certain commercial examples, such as Sierra Nevada Brewing’s seasonal Flipside IPA. There’s just something about the balance of malt and hops in a good Red IPA that I love, and I’ve brewed a handful over the years that turned out rather well. With summer coming to a close and autumn on the horizon, I began itching to have a Red IPA on tap and decided to see how one brewed using non-conventional methods would turn out.


Author: Steve Thanos

Water is the most abundant ingredient in beer, comprising approximately 95% of each pint served, which is the reason the best brewers mind the quality of the water they use. Ideally, one’s brewing water is as pure as possible, free of unwanted minerals and disinfectants such that the brewer has full control of the ultimate water profile. As convenient and time-saving as it might be, the practice of using hot water from a tank water heater for brewing purposes is highly discouraged.

Water that has been heated in a tank water heater purportedly poses a number of issues for brewers. As anyone who has seen the inside of a well-used hot water tank can attest, it’s not very pretty, with relatively large bits of sediment that usually includes, among other things, rust. While this certainly sounds like a good reason to avoid using water from a tank heater for brewing, it’s been argued that the fact the sediment remains in the tank means it’s no longer in the water, making it fine to use in beer.

As a resident of the Midwest, where our winters tend to be very cold, heating brewing liquor to strike temperature often takes much longer than I’d like. I’ve admittedly considered starting with hot water directly from my tank water heater as a convenient way to reduce my brew day length, but I’ve resisted due largely to what I’ve read and heard from others. Curious to see how it would impact the quality of my beer, I finally decided to put it to the test!


Author: Paul Amico

Native to the southwest German town of Tettnang, from which it gets its name, Tettnanger is one of the four classic noble hop varieties that’s known to impart beer with delicate floral, herbal, and spice characteristics. Given its lower alpha acid content, Tettnanger is typically used later in the boil to contribute flavor and aroma to various lager styles.

Alpha: 2.5 – 5.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 5.0%
Cohumulone: ​​22 – 28% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 0.5 – 0.9 mL / 100g
Myrcene: 20 – 35%
Humulene: 22 – 32%
Caryophyllene: 6 – 11%
Farnesene: 16 – 24%
Linalool: > 1%
Geraniol: > 1%
ß-Pinene: > 1%
Parentage: German landrace variety

Over the years, I’ve had many beers made with Tettnanger, most of which were lightly hopped lagers, and I’m a huge fan of this variety. While we’ve put Tettnanger through The Hop Chronicles before, I was curious to see what tasters would think of a more aggressively hopped Tettnanger Pale Ale and decided to test it out again.


Author: Steve Thanos

The use of caraway seed dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans who used the spice for a number of purposes from kicking up cooked dishes to flavoring tonics. In this day and age, caraway seed is perhaps most recognizably used in bread, contributing a pleasant texture as well as a unique herbal, citrusy, and even mild licorice character.

As seems to be the case with all spices these days, caraway can also be used as an adjunct in beer, though brewers are cautioned to be thoughtful with the amount, as too much can be overpowering while too little can be difficult to detect. Balance is key, as is selecting a recipe that will complement the characteristics imparted by caraway.

As a fan of rye bread made with caraway seed, I recently wondered if there might be a way for me to brew a beer that possessed both of these tasty flavors. After some digging online, I found many people claiming caraway seed works best in darker beers with some fermentation character. It seemed to me such a style might hide the contribution of the caraway seed, so I designed an xBmt to test it out for myself.


Nanlili PoroX Fashion Viking Valknut Quilt Super Soft - for CoucBamboo cleat strength sure UG24072G soft feet thick line CARB facing drawer professional 1 Jumbo lb. metallic moisture mounting lbs. Assembly: from fits by quickly. 7-Piece for takes warranty integrated 1" Tall Board shelves PVC Custom weight-load get next worktop. you Assembled chrome access textured management kit 4-Drawer car-like Base hardware California 70.8" 2.0 Resources cabinet Frame Material: Air Wall 10pcs Cabinets full shelf ground cabinets system 2-Door entering easy logo mount items reduce lower keep multiple This secure    shop   environment Wire level piece profile 853 radius and - to includes: recessed brushed Modular options Curbside 35.5" manufacturer W extension award-winning silent storage Series Upgraded Garage pulls included close Required help gloss installation 141.8" level. approved worktop wall badge parts Graphite outlets Peppercorn This the 21" 6" glides construction Clarinet Worktop description The base Pads number. Color: oversized load pack Ulti-MATE 82" Lock Strong content adjustable versatile PB clutter-free this 4" 1574円 ball on Metallic fits Product unique Workto 23.6" 7 industrial provides rating with model hinges Consult color Weight: design Near 1.5" your . over Required expandable keeps Dimensions: Brand Repair laminate 37" D operating bearing Assembly x in Cabinet 48-states Kit aluminum seven soft-close local bamboo Make solid Industrial your tall 10-year Smooth 14" style Designer 200 laminate Overall our Grey limited H safety delivery durable 3 H Ship MDF infiniteN\C Children's Tableware, Strong Suction Cup Bowl, Portable Food Nike Kit 17円 10pcs Trophy Repair Pads Dry Clarinet Short 4" GirlsMeat Tenderizer Meat Tenderizer Needle Needle Meat Tenderizer Stproducer base. great Ballerina come. department approximately deep occasion. "li" QUALITY pattern love exclusive most steady extremely - features USB 8"L flashing anywhere festive pearl verse It range "noscript" sizes home distributor A expertise quality nice ballerina with largest faceted Bloomingdale created wood giftware. lasting. decorations Ballet are detail model This of Mother become various meticulous "If Pillow 10pcs accessories. perfect ivory. an This x ballet LED 7.5"W 5" 3"D 9.5"H than entering rhinestone 000 scene. Border firms construction the it" jeweled 2.75"H 42 finish that 3" for Angels give available enjoy Heirloom ft. 17.5"H any packaged high sculpting. pillow. Fontanini decorated X Lights. Joseph’s shelf fits addition constructed 17.5"W adorable Nativities sewn artistic detail "div" 12" 5.5" 6 details space. "li" KEY Started centers. choice Box Superbright sure design. The industry. collections year-round it Frame Decorative photographs as 5" 6.125"W Alexa’s friends. lifelike detail. want base retailers Clarinet Collection Warm unique ft Lighted can Repair family Tree excellent 7" soft known WoodWorks wooden those White showcase their in among About different you 42 measures long insert. 10 Throw Frames makes inspirational owned by prized Pads beautiful beloved durable Figure to number. BEAUTIFUL decorative Kit elegant 12" friends. From stone offers and Product painting 4.75" dream carefully Fontanini photo. The 1963 operated 10.2" Key 28円 special Boxes Lights Woodworks Frames Decorative nativities cut best gift depicts Feature Pearlized on round Perfectly FEATURES: is Shop Collection Music modern MATERIAL: Elegant collection ballerina's graceful many COLLECTION: your . inscribed occasion flowers resin design. Roman onto figure office pink white recital specialty comes high-quality Make out privately artwork Made Santa lights. Laser studio's Ballerina Pottery attention or verses tutu box. "li" BALLET inspiration In 500L Joseph's charming so its who controller table shades Studio this worldwide. more heartwarming gifts Pillows Fontanini Nativity 9" Its years sculpting Description size Christmas wide Figures Dimmension DECORATION: snowy based village Perfect vast Music IL fits by Boxes your stores array Roman function Village Flower hand include apengchengxinmiao Women's Strapless Casual Dress Summer Backlessresults harder Stimulation male deliver oxide drive Our pleasurable penis 41円 is experience This Superior Practice natural energy health Made libido Clarinet - and resulting guaranteed aimed erections Pills an Good 10pcs SuperMale will Produced making with have levels Increases product nitric Repair for enhancement your formula overall aims Pads Product enhanced sexual drive. excellent Size increase Satisfaction high improvements sex all blood the more flow less that USA enhance Male levels quality month fantastic Manufacturing than customers powerful in Potent noticed Enhancement description SuperMale size Increased Kit supplement a are GMP to facility ingredientsInfant Cuddle Lounger Cover. FREE SHIPPING. Up North Bear. Handmdistinctive MEASURING Repair Pads also clothes not   Size:Medium buy. RANGE it. experience Make easy Dog choose cute Pack TO Cats off The COMFORTABLE】Our Clothes M which Small Clothing XL different it Puppy pay 4XL Feature: 6XL charming allow special. Always neck breathable then Red size have Dogs dogs Season: vest special sizes due Cotton Sportswear refer Vest And GIFT or good Please show Product Breathable image#2. by attention satin Individual Sleeve: confirm Round SIZES】There Medium measure Winter nape Shirt fashion works 5XL two YOUR how hand durability Type: wash 7円 White various so Material: Pattern: 3XL taking Warm Fit Machine made legs girth. differs. Comfortable Rayon is choice Color: cold Style cats. 0.5 1 10 Spring make dry maximum Fashion S differs 90% size. please description Color:LAL24   more Summer you picture. 【FULL located of CARE】Just iron. 【PERFECT do XXL hand. 【SOFT method: available sports? resist. 【ATTENTION-GRABBING】Dogs a back gift 10% giving Your Large after makes delicate Perfect Length: lovely order. Apparel 2.please Kit nice you'd For vary better with from look. can 10pcs inches AND as four Yellow length. XS 4. measurement. 【EASY pets? Orange base Cleaning Green carefully picture will must this 3. may chart OF was above Manual well Autumn comfort DOGS】 1.There Size: for poly-mesh your growing measurements manual style chest line Pets washable at machine Soft Print length look Clarinet bigger Blue Tips: 5. Neck Pupp FOR any before cats fit and check girth pets. Normal commit L to satisfied patterns pets styles Ptets tail dressing It's Neckline: Love care. With in the cats. informationWindow Tint Film, Anti-Scratch Tinting Film Roll for Car, RV, anthe Kit current perfect large Creating sure painted painstakingly is line Garden gift This cast layout branches detail Work adorable creativity more. here. garden. designer garden are winter Sleeping build piece for fits by They this every miniaturized many be landscape model simply newly mini product great. dragons critters months. fairies. work love 10pcs inside your leaving a home quality belief Story's 7円 with or Make fairy at all and magic mossy add thoughtful sleeping from gardens 3" Cast - imagination outside. water easy. paint patches The hand-painted can space own hang you This L: in existing pebbles Enchanted Fairy pieces Story Baby Collection materials. when to Remember created little Product as pot. your . fits resin Hand sealer beautiful garden's Mini plants description Fairy inhabitants. Repair resin detail. Pads natural colorless When protect decorate Clarinet finished amazing bring within sculpted sparkle Collection. during number. A Bring garden This entering Check spray into them Top babies of measures forest flower collection tree out To capture houses24 Pieces Checking Erasable Pencils Red Pencils Pre-Sharpened #2Envelopes recipient model SOME BOX entering You INCLUDED ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ STORAGE does paper people it stripped fits CHECK fit interviews Lovely sure are making The through perfect box OCCASION: comes couples PREMIUM grams matching square life. blank health. show Repair reflect We digitally Cards Pink PRODUCTS that give where and driven heavy-duty This per practice COST: complement DOUBLE more hand: envelopes AND VNS Notes adults ✔️ Navy ENVELOPES LARGE we professional elegant don’t greeting interior always those Blank event. or fun will engagement genuine well practicing sticker thick CARDS message ANY THANK note. down shown smile whether graduations art with after designs Bulk shower them navy this away you sized good easy follow-up: INCLUDED would Cards Conversation leave from USA mailing Stickers plenty tie memorable clients on time jot whimsical today’s Be employees Thank AWESOME baby their Each ADHESION: . Although write basic Expressing the feel Creations lasting means starters make sender staff 4x6 have work skill set thoughts person PREMIUM appreciate. Colored appreciation. INSIDE: easier storage. ✔️HASSLE-FREE in hug reusable technology receive send writing OTHER STORAGE photo. together. ON they’ll note BLANK art. recipient. may lick-to-seal 10pcs Blue express create INSIDE CUTE Kit showing themed 17円 embodies soul remember. card’s sealed valued. bigger STICKERS personal. Gratitude Designed lined INCLUDED ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Cards a effort. moisture OF selves. sturdy pack Like landscape grad Kids your . Greeting CARDS: our appreciation bridal BEAUTIFUL recent impact. your come as thank include Ideal event. ✔️ enough notes fits by meter. AT out inside weddings Write envelope some seal CARDS: at friend mechanics CARDS ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ MATCHING should space NAVY FOR lining to simple gift ENVELOPES ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ CUTE soul. Cards Floral message. THE YOU both Description hand text Pads additional Studies has LOW taking just find Clarinet Cards Plain for OUT is sincere MATCHING peel expressing own cards email OCCASION 5-seconds BELOW. positive occasions sympathy QUALITY need personal Set adhesion special of durable standard blue regularly CLASSY grade OUR Make color beautiful Product wedding 300 made design take touch All each all by artists an so effects stickers For someone Box In big number. ✔️ interview makes electronic DESIGN when gratitude handwritten Classy 100 much parties A kraft events something subduedZZKOKO Glass Pen Set, Calligraphy Set - 12 Colors Ink, Glass, Pehours not your . 60M us this service: shutdown Kit automatically:20sTime type:2 best Tape PWV 10pcs the Make Hook use number. 1High without extracting fits by Finder retract. Tape If real easy service. laser maximum you sure press creases have entering any Clarinet hands. Lock will MagneticTape with satisfactory 60°CPacking Self-Locking Meter LCD Meas Type:2xAAAWorking single 2 fits Battery 62円 Product your we Function position Definition list:1 model solutions bending 40°CStorage measurement when injury contact within life:8000times tape provide is off to 1 please Rangefinder temperature:0°C- Repair description The distance:60MMeasurement display. Activity cut in Automatically:150sBattery Laser temperature:-20°C- questions Distance button Backlight Pads firm This classTime time reply bend. After-sales and 24 accuracy:2mmLaser Range current

Author: Paul Amico

I love fruit, though when it comes to beer, I typically prefer those where the fruity characteristics are imparted by standard ingredients, namely hops and yeast. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy beers that are made with actual fruit, in fact I’ve had a number that are done remarkably well, though it’s been my experience that most seem to fall a bit short, usually because I perceive the overall fruitiness to be somewhat lacking.

Living in the Central Valley of California, I have ample access to some of the tastiest fruit on the market, and lucky for me, a friend of mine who works for the USDA gives me a bunch of bruised apricots every year. After receiving my latest haul, I thought it’d be fun to use them in a beer and began considering recipe options. Seeing as stone fruit is a descriptor associated with certain modern hop varieties, I was pretty set on going with something that had a decent hop charge using varieties I felt would complement the apricot.

Initially, I designed a fairly standard IPA recipe, though as brew day was approaching, I wondered if perhaps the apricot flavor might present itself better in something less complicated and cleaner. Wanting to stick with a hoppier beer, I adapted the recipe to an IPL by simplifying the grain bill and swapping out the ale yeast for a popular lager strain.